Anorexia, pathological absence or loss of appetite
The causes of anorexia are now most often associated with psycho-traumatic situations but at the same time hormonal disturbance, genetic predisposition, traumatic brain injury, etc. matter. Anorexia is more common in adolescent girls in wealthy families. There are also many such cases among females aged 10 to 30 years old who dream of a beautiful physique.
Nowadays in Europe, as a result of anorexia, about 30 people die each year from exhaustion and irreversible changes in the body. In the UK, 6 million people in the country between the ages of 16 and 35 suffer from anorexia. According to statistics of neurosis clinics, from 3 to 20 percent of patients with anorexia nervosa are doomed. The cause of death is pneumonia, pulmonary edema, tuberculosis or other infections. In western countries, every sixth patient dies without the necessary compulsory treatment.
Anorexia is a severe mental illness. And even psychotherapists, psychiatrists and psychologists cannot always find a “common language” with such patients. Such patients have a distorted self-image, low self-esteem, they refuse to follow the recommendations of specialists, they conflict with their relatives. They can be helped only by joint efforts of the doctor and the family of the patient.
In such cases, there is an individual integrated approach that protects the patient from stressful factors. Drug therapy is used only as an exception.
From our many years of observation, it should be emphasized that these patients must be under the constant supervision of specialists and annually conduct supportive and preventive treatment.