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Functional (neurotic and somatoform) disorders

Functional (neurotic and somatoform) disorders

Neurosis or psychoneurosis means functional disorders that are emotionally (psychogenically) due to mild asthenia, irritability, disturbed sleep rhythm, obsessive ideas, hysterical-like behaviors, mental disorders, mental decline, mental and physical abilities, personality inability to consciously resolve psycho-emotional stress, conflict with oneself and others, including in the micro and macro environment. In the occurrence of neurosis, a significant role is played by psycho trauma, adverse social and living conditions, psycho-physical overwork and individual predisposition of the personality.

Neurosis (psychoneurosis) is a common neuropsychiatric disease, almost everyone faces it at least once in a lifetime. Based on our observations, we can state that in more than 50-60% of patients with a careful study of diagnostic data and research, it is possible to detect unexpressed, but reversible changes, even without the use of medicines.

However, inexperienced specialists can associate these changes with severe somatic and neurological diseases and will begin to carry out inadequate drug therapy, in which, in most cases, the effect is very slight or absent.

Symptoms of neurosis

Symptoms of neurosis are various: obsessive thoughts and actions, often unreasonable or unreasonable anxiety, fears, fatigue, insomnia, drowsiness, irritability, hypersensitivity, pain in different parts of the body.

ICD-10 contains a classification of these types of neurotic disorders:

  • Phobic and anxiety disorders
  • Panic disorders
  • Obsessive Compulsive Disorders
  • Reaction to severe stress and adaptation disorders
  • Dissociative (conversion) disorder
  • Somatoform disorders
  • Neurasthenia
  • Hysterical neurosis
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