Behavioral syndromes associated with physiological disorders

Eating Disorders

Eating disorders refer to persistent eating disorders or eating behavior that interferes with food intake or absorption that significantly impairs physical health and/or psychosocial functioning

Eating disorders and their types
Anorexia nervosa is characterized by an unrelenting desire for thinness, painful fear of obesity, distorted body image and restriction of food intake relative to the accepted norm; however, all of these factors lead to very low weight, to such an extent that health is harmed. This disorder may or may not include gastrointestinal cleansing (eg, self-induced vomiting).

Avoiding/restricting food intake is characterized by avoiding or restricting food intake, resulting in significant weight loss, nutritional deficiencies, dependence on nutritional support, and/or severe psychosocial impairment. But, unlike anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, this disorder does not include worries about body shape or weight.

Binge eating disorder is characterized by recurrent episodes in which people eat large amounts of food with a sense of loss of control. Episodes do not alternate with cleansing procedures (eg, self-vomiting).

Bulimia nervosa is characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating followed by inappropriate compensatory behaviors such as gastrointestinal cleansing (vomiting, laxative, and diuretic abuse mean), fasting or physical activity.

Picacism is the constant use of non-nutritive, non-nutritive substances that do not correspond to the level of development (picacism is not diagnosed in children 2 years of age), and is also not part of cultural traditions.

Sleep Disorders

The quality and duration of sleep affects a person’s well-being, his performance, mental activity and emotional state. Problems, stress, and worrying thoughts can temporarily deprive a person of sleep or make him restless and shallow.

Sleep disorders and their types
Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder medically called insomnia. It is characterized by difficulty falling asleep, short or insufficient sleep quality to get adequate rest.

Excessive sleep (hypersomnia) – this disorder is characterized by prolonged sleep, as well as constant sleepiness during wakefulness. The disease often occurs at a young age.

Parasomnias – this group includes various phenomena that occur during sleep. These are sleepwalking (sleepwalking), convulsions, flinching, speaking in a dream, teeth grinding (bruxism), snoring, nightmares, and attacks of fear.