The main diagnostic criteria for depressive disorders:
- Observed when separated from the family (when registering in the garden, school, hospital), fear of a white coat, loss of a loved one – divorce of parents; at a younger age – the loss of a favorite toy, a change in the social status of the family.
- Individual predisposition (vulnerability), with an obligatory psycho-traumatic factor: mother’s, father’s disease, pre-, peri-, post-natal psycho-traumatic and socially unfavorable factors, including insignificant, at first sight, insignificant situations. For example, the mother’s studies and experiences during exams, tests, and the like. Symptoms: anxiety, restlessness, irritability, tearfulness combined with depressive behavior, decreased productivity of physical and mental abilities, or indifference, outbreaks, aggression, and the association of these symptoms with psycho-traumatic factors.
Even experienced specialists are not always able to detect depressive disorders in children of younger groups, but they are more often disguised as somatic disorders. In older and adolescents, the main manifestations are affective disorder (depressed mood), lack of proactive verbal communication or when communicating, they speak in a low voice, sad facial expressions and poor facial expressions, motor passivity, and mental retardation, sleep and eating disorders. h constipation, loneliness, and others.